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Bichon Frise

The Canine Chronicles Directory

Bichon Frise

Bichon Frises are small, well-balanced dogs. They have a double coat with a textured outer coat and a silky soft undercoat. The coat color is usually white with shadings of buff, cream or apricot around the ears or body. Any color in excess of 10% of the entire coat of a mature dog is a fault. The slightly rounded head has a moderate muzzle with a defined stop. The jaw should be strong with the teeth meeting in a scissor-like bite. The dark eyes should be round and the nose should be black. The ears should sit slightly above eye level and hang closely to the head. The arched neck is long and the chest well developed. The medium-boned front legs are straight with well-bent stifles and the feet are round. The raised tail should be set on the top-line, curved and carried over the back.

Temperament Bichon Frise is a charming, lively, gentle, intelligent and self-assured breed. They have an independent spirit and are very affectionate. Due to their joyful demeanor they make perfect family dogs and are ideal playmates for children. This breed loves company and gets along with other dogs and non-canine pets. Bichon Frise may be difficult to housebreak. In the 1980s the Bichon Frise was known as the "Yuppie Puppies" which led to careless over-breeding which has caused some lines to become brusque. Make sure to purchase from a reputable breeder.
Height, Weight Male Height: 9-12" ; Weight: 7-12 lbs.
Female Height: 9-11" ; Weight: 7-12 lbs.
Health Problems This breed can be prone to cataracts, skin and ear problems and dislocated kneecaps. They can have sensitivity to flea bites.
Living Conditions Bichons can live fine in an apartment. They are lively and active inside and can do fine without a yard.
Exercise This breed can take care of its own exercise needs, but loves to go for a walk. They should be given the opportunity to romp free without a lead in a safe area.
Life Expectancy 15 or more years
Grooming The Bichon sheds little or no hair and is good for allergy sufferers. They should be bathed at least once a month and the hair around the face should be scissor trimmed often. Care should be taken with cleaning around their eyes. Show dogs should be professionally groomed every 4 weeks.
Origin Bichon Frises emerged during the 14th century as a cross between Barbet Water Spaniels and Poodles. This breed was developed on several Mediterranean islands. Bichon Frises are thought to originate from Tenerife. Spanish sailors would take them from Tenerife and trade them in Europe. In the 16th century, Bichon Frises were popular in the French and Spanish courts and have been depicted in royal family portraits. In the 18th century, other breeds piqued the interest of royalty and Bichon Frises became the dog of the commoners, becoming famous for being circus and organ-grinder dogs. At the end of World War I, this breed became popular again but this time with servicemen who were serving in the area. The breed was standardized in 1934 and renamed by Madame Nizet de Leemans, the president of the International Canine Federation. They are recognized by the AKC and the UKC.
Group AKC Non-Sporting, UKC Companion Dog