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Border Collie

The Canine Chronicles Directory

Border Collie

Border Collies are well proportioned with a smooth or coarse medium length coat, and a thick water-resistant undercoat. The coat's color is generally black and white, tri-color, red and white, black and gray, merle, sable, or all black. All white is not acceptable when showing this breed. The skull should be somewhat broad with a distinct stop, but without a pronounced occiput. The muzzle tapers to the nose. In brown-colored dogs, the nose is brown, in merle or blue colored dogs the nose is slate and all other dogs, black. The oval shaped eyes are wide-set and moderately sized. The eye color should be brown. However in the merle dogs, the eyes can either be blue or one brown and one blue eye. The medium sized ears can either be carried erect or semi-erect and are broadly set upon the head. The jaw should be strong and the teeth should have a scissor-like bite. The strong neck should be a good length and broadens at the laid back shoulders. The deep muscular hindquarters have well turned stifles and let down hocks. The feet should be oval with close, arched toes. The tail is low set, reaching the hock and is raised when the dog is excited. The tail should never be carried over the back.

Temperament Border Collies are alert, lively, responsive, and concentrate intensely when working. They develop close bonds with their owners and will follow them wherever they go. They love children and generally get along with other dogs. However, they are sometimes aggressive with dogs of the same sex. They are not recommended for families with small children since they are instinctive herders and will herd the children. They should also not be trusted with non-canine pets. Due to their keen minds, they must have something to occupy them at all times or they will become mischievous and destructive. If left alone for long periods of time they can become neurotic causing extensive behavioral issues. They can sometimes become willful and nip whoever is not doing what they want. They should be socialized during their developmental years to prevent shyness. This breed has a reputation for being an escape artist and should only be released in well-fenced areas. Border Collies are great at dog sports such as obedience, agility and Frisbee™.
Height, Weight Male Height: 19-22" ; Weight: 30-45 lbs.
Female Height: 18-21" ; Weight: 27-42 lbs.
Health Problems This breed can be prone to hip dysplasia, PRA and Collie Eye Anomaly.
Living Conditions Borders are not suited for apartment living and do better with lots of acreage. They do well in a kennel as long as they see their handlers often. This breed does not do well chained in the back yard.
Exercise This breed needs more than just a daily walk. They need physical work to do to occupy their body and minds. They are very energetic and agile and look beautiful performing acrobatic stunts.
Life Expectancy About 12-15 years
Grooming The Border Collie is easy to groom. Brushing often will bring the coat to a gleaming shine. Care should be taken with cleaning the ears and check them often for ticks. Only bathe when necessary. They are average shedders.
Origin Border Collies are descendants of Persian Sheepdogs. They date back to the 1700s, although they did not receive their name until 1915. They originated from the Northumberland region on the borders of Scotland and England. Shepherds used them for their incredible working abilities. Today, they are still used in sheepherding as well as narcotics and bomb detection. Border Collies are recognized by both the AKC and the UKC.
Group AKC and UKC Herding Dog