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Bulldog

The Canine Chronicles Directory

Bulldog

The powerful, vigorous Bulldog has a compact and muscular body. The soft, smooth skin is covered with a short coat that comes in several colors. These colors are brindle, white, fawn, red, piebald, pale yellow, washed-out red, or any combination of these colors. The skin should fall in opaque folds around the head, neck and shoulders. The head should be broad with a flat forehead and cheeks protruding sideways. The short muzzle should be dark. The corner of the eyes should be at right angle to the stop. They are dark, set low in the skull and should be as wide apart as possible. The small ears should be thin and form a rose shape. They should be set high on the head and far from the eyes. The large, wide nose should have dark pigment and the distance between the nose and the stop should be small. The massive jaw should have a protruding upper lip and the lower jaw should be undershot. The teeth should not be visible when the jaw is at rest. The concise, thick neck merges into the muscular, wide set shoulder. The shoulders are set far apart and, for greater stability, slant outwards. The body is broad and low with a deep, ample chest. The abdomen is tucked up. The bones of the sturdy legs are straight although they appear bowed. The tail is short, carried low and can either hang down or bend in kinks.

Temperament Despite their ferocious features, Bulldogs are sweet, devoted, placid, quiet, and have a great sense of humor. They are gentle and patient with even small children. Bulldogs should be supervised around small children. They can sometimes not be aware of their own strength and can knock over a child. They could even break skin with a playful bite. If introduced at an early age, they will get along with other household pets. However, they can become quarrelsome with strange dogs. They need human companionship and thrive on being a part of family life. Bulldogs are usually friendly with strangers although, if they feel that their family is threatened, they will defend them valiantly. This breed should be socialized at a young age; otherwise they tend to become dog aggressive. Since they are a short-faced breed, Bulldogs tend to snore very loudly. They also have drool and slobber tendencies.
Height, Weight Male Height: 12-16" ; Weight: 53-55 lbs.
Female Height: 12-16" ; Weight: 49-51 lbs.
Health Problems Bulldogs are susceptible to numerous conditions, including elbow dysplasia, patellar dysplasia, hip dysplasia, mange, heat stroke, eye problems, respiratory problems, small windpipes, snoring and flatulence. Female Bulldogs normally need a cesarean in order to give birth.
Living Conditions Bulldogs can live fine in an apartment if they are given sufficient exercise. This is an indoor breed. They are also weather sensitive.
Exercise Some adults in this breed would rather not exercise at all. Others are quite active. They can tend to become overweight, so exercise is important to its health.
Life Expectancy About 8 years
Grooming The Bulldog is easy to groom. They are average shedders. Clean between the folds of the face daily.
Origin Bulldogs are descendants of an ancient mastiff-like dog called Bullenbeisser. They were used to guard and attack wild animals in Assyria, Greece, Egypt, and Rome. The Bullenbeisser was also used by Teutonic and Celtic tribes and came in various sizes. In England, the larger version of this dog was bred down and, during the Middle Ages, butchers used them to develop the "Olde English Bulldogge". They were used to catch bulls for slaughter. The dog's strong jaws and short muzzle afforded the ability to target the animals nose, cheek, or throat forcing them to their knees or moving into a barn or slaughterhouse. In the 13th Century, during the reign of King John, the "Olde English Bulldogge's" were used in bull baiting. This was a sport in which animals like bulls, horses, or bears are tethered. Dogs were then released to attack the animal to see if they could overpower it. During the years in which this sport was popular, dogs were continually developed for this vicious sport. The breeders would create dogs with these characteristics: tenacity (once they latched on, they wouldn't let go), impervious to pain, and weight primarily in the head (if the bull shook the dog this would help from breaking the dog's back). In 1835, England banned bull baiting and dog fighting. Due to this, Bulldogs nearly disappeared. Bulldog fanciers used the remaining individuals to resurrect the breed. Many believe that Bulldogs were crossed with Pugs to help change the appearance and temperament of the formerly ferocious fighting dog. Breeders have continually bred selectively to eliminate more aggressive tendencies. They are recognized by the AKC and the UKC.
Group AKC Non-Sporting, UKC Companion Dog