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English Toy Spaniel

The Canine Chronicles Directory

English Toy Spaniel

The English Toy Spaniel has a well-feathered, silky coat. The coat comes in four color varieties: black/tan (King Charles), Red (Ruby ? some have white markings), White with red markings (Blenheim ? some will have a red "thumb print" on the forehead) and tri-color (Prince Charles.) This squarely built spaniel has a well-defined stop and a dome-shaped skull. The large round eyes are dark and the pendant ears are feathered. The black nose is pug shaped with well-opened nostrils and the teeth should meet in a level bite. The arched neck is medium in length and merges into well-laid back shoulders. The square, compact body should have a deep brisket, good ribs, level topline and a broad back. The forelegs should be well-boned and straight. Webbed toes are common in this breed. The muscular hindlegs should be angulated paralleling the hock. The tail is customarily docked.

Temperament The English Toy Spaniels are sweet, loving, gentle, playful and quiet. This breed needs to be around a lot of people and are sociable around those who are affectionate. They are generally good with children although they are best with older more gentle children. They are also friendly with other dogs.
Height, Weight Height: about 10" ; Weight: 9-12 lbs.
Health Problems As with most flat-muzzle dogs, this breed is prone to eye and breathing problems. They tend to snore and wheeze. Females of this breed tend to need a Cesarean section in order to give birth.
Living Conditions English Toy Spaniels will do fine in an apartment. They prefer cooler temperatures and overheat easily.
Exercise Do not exercise this breed in hot weather as they overheat easily and can suffer from heatstroke.
Life Expectancy About 10-12 years
Grooming This breed is easy to groom requiring regular brushing. They are average shedders.
Origin It is believed that the origins of the English Toy Spaniel can be traced back to Asian spaniels and possibly the Pug. The breed however, was primarily developed in Great Britain. They were popular among British royalty and were used as companions. Mary, Queen of Scots was one who enjoyed this breed. During the 19th century this breed sustained several changes. They were bred to become smaller, the head became more domed-shaped, the eyes were protruded more, and the face upturned. All of this resulted into what is now called the English Toy Spaniel. They are recognized by the AKC and the UKC.
Group AKC Toy, UKC Companion Dog