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Maltese

The Canine Chronicles Directory

Maltese

Maltese have a single coat that should be smooth and hanging straight to the ground. There is a center part along the back and the color should be pure white with a little light ivory accepted. The head is slightly rounded with a distinct stop and a tapered muzzle. The dark, rounded eyes are set well and have dark rims. The long pendant ears are low set and heavily feathered. The nose is black and the teeth should meet in a level or scissor-like bite. The shoulder blades are slightly sloping and the elbows are held close to the body. The strong back has a level topline and the loins are slightly tucked up. The chest is fairly deep and the ribs are well sprung. The forelegs should be straight and the hindlegs are angulated at stifles and hocks. The rounded feet are small with black toe pads. The tail is carried over the back.

Temperament Maltese's are gentle, loving, loyal, spirited, lively and playful. They will notify their owners if any suspicious noises occur. This breed enjoys the outdoors. Do not overprotect or overindulge since they may become neurotic.
Height, Weight Male Height: 8-10" ; Weight: 6-9 lbs.
Female Height: 8-9" ; Weight: 6-9 lbs.
Health Problems This breed is prone to sunburn on the top of the head where the hair is parted. Also prone to respiratory, digestion, skin, eye and tooth problems. Tends to get uncomfortable in warm weather. Keep this breed away from damp areas.
Living Conditions This breed is great for apartment living. They do fine without a yard as they are very active indoors.
Exercise Though this breed does not demand a lot of exercise, they love a daily brisk walk or a run in the park.
Life Expectancy More than 15 years
Grooming The coat of this breed should be gently brushed daily to keep it from matting. Because of its length, the pads should be checked for matting and foreign objects. Bathe regularly making sure he is warm afterwards. Pull out hair that grows in the ears and check the eyes regularly. The topknot on this breed is usually pulled up and secured away from the eyes. This breed sheds little or no hair.
Origin The Maltese breed originated from Malta and dates back to 1500 B.C. The breed's description was recorded by Greek philosopher Theophrastus. In his writings he mentioned that the Maltese were from Melita, an archaic name for Malta. They have also been found portrayed in ancient Egyptian statuary. Publius, the Roman governor of Malta had such a fondness for this breed that he commissioned a portrait of "Issa" and had poetry written about his favorite Maltese. Over the years, the breed was further developed with the addition of miniature spaniel and poodle blood. Maltese were brought to England by knights returning from the Crusades. The breed's popularity increased during the reign of Queen Elizabeth when women of the royal court carried these dogs in their sleeves and used them for bed warmers. The first Maltese appeared in the United States in 1877. They are recognized by the AKC and the UKC.
Group AKC Toy, UKC Companion Dog