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Papillon

The Canine Chronicles Directory

Papillon

Also known as the Continental Toy Spaniel, the Papillon (French for butterfly) is easily distinguished from other breeds by their beautiful, butterfly-like ears. The ears are carried either erect or drooping. Papillons with drop ears are known as Phalene. Its long luxurious coat is white with patches of any color except liver. The skull is slightly rounded between the ears with a pointed muzzle and a well-defined stop. The jaws should be strong and come together with a scissor-like bite. The neck should be of medium length and the shoulders well-developed and sloping. The forelegs should be straight with the elbows close to the chest. The body should be slightly long with a level topline. The tail should be long, fringed and set high over the back forming a plume.

Temperament The Papillon is an elegant Toy dog with a light, dainty and lively personality. Paps are devoted to their owners and make excellent show dogs. They are hardy and usually live a very long time. This adaptable breed makes a great traveling companion. This friendly and happy dog is eager to please. They rank as the number one Toy Dog in the obedience category.
Height, Weight Height: 8-11" ; Weight: 7-11 lbs.
Health Problems Prone to kneecaps located in the hind legs. This can be corrected with surgery. They also have a soft spot on the top of the head that may not close correctly. If this is the case, their heads need to be protected.
Living Conditions The Papillon is not a good apartment dweller because they have a strong instinct to protect their property and will bark incessantly if not properly trained.
Exercise This breed is very energetic and loves to go for long runs. They will take as much or as little as their owners will give them.
Life Expectancy Up to 16 years
Grooming The coat of this breed needs daily combing and brushing because of its long consistency. They are clean and relatively odor-free. Bathe or shampoo when needed. Clip the nails and clean the teeth often. They are average shedders.
Origin The Papillon is believed to be a descendant of the 16th century Dwarf Spaniel. The wealthy and noble of both Europe and England owned these Toys and many a grand lady refused to have her portrait done unless her tiny dog was included. The breed was seen in paintings by many old masters, including Rubens, Van Dyke, Rembrandt, Fragonard, and others. Madame Pompadour had two Papillons. Marie Antoinette is said to have carried her beloved Papillon with her to the guillotine. The English admired these little spaniels as well, and in the early days, crosses probably occurred between the English and Continental varieties. The Papillon is recognized by the AKC and the UKC.
Group AKC Toy, UKC Companion Dog