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Pomeranian

The Canine Chronicles Directory

Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a tiny, fluffy member of the Spitz family. According to AKC standards, the Pom is the most diminutive of the northern breeds. Some in this breed look like foxes with the wedge-shaped head and pointed ears. The eyes are almond-shaped and have an intelligent expression. The nose is dark and the teeth should meet in a scissor-like bite. There is an abundant mane around the neck and chest area. The Pom's double coat is its pride and glory and usually comes in solid colors and any solid color is allowed. Sometimes the coat is white with colored markings, black and tan, wolf or orange sable. The undercoat is fluffy and the outer coat is long, perfectly straight and shiny. The full, distinctive tail is plumed and carried over the back.

Temperament This tiny dog is beautiful, diminutive in size, easy to care for and is a favorite for the elderly. Poms have the alert, active and curious character of their larger brethren, and are useful alarm dogs and fine, accurate obedience dogs. The can sometimes be "full of themselves", but they love to "strut their stuff" in a show ring or on a neighborhood walk. They are lively, intelligent, very loyal to their owner, willful and bold. They usually get along with other household pets. Their resounding bark makes them excellent watchdogs. Teach them early to only bark a few times to announce a visitor and to stop once the door is answered. They are good at learning tricks but need a firm hand. They must know that the owner is boss. They are good around older children as the playful nature of younger children may make them nervous and a bit snappish.
Height, Weight Height: 7-12" ; Weight: 3-7 lbs.
Health Problems The Pom is prone to slipped stifle, dislocated patella, heart and skin problems and eye infections. This breed is prone to early tooth loss so feed them dry food to keep the teeth and gums healthy. Be sure your Vet checks their teeth often. They often need a cesarean section for deliveries and they tend to develop bald spots as they age.
Living Conditions Poms can live fine in an apartment as they are very active indoors. They can tend to overheat in hot weather.
Exercise Poms will get plenty of exercise if they have a small yard to run around in. They enjoy long walks.
Life Expectancy About 15 years
Grooming This breed requires a lot of grooming. It needs regular brushing in order for the coat to have the lifted, stand-out look. Part the coat, brush the undercoat forward and let it fall back naturally. Dry shampoo when necessary. This breed is a constant shedder and is sensitive to heat.
Origin The origins of this breed hail from European herding spitz dogs. When the first specimens were brought to England from the German province of Pomerania, they were larger, usually white and less profusely coated than our modern specimens. Litters often included smaller pups and soon the smaller species was preferred. Queen Victoria fell in love with the tiny ball of fluff, bringing it home with her in 1888. She exhibited a larger Pom at British shows. England fell in love with this breed and breeders systematically bred them for smaller and smaller size, and more and more coat. The Pomeranian is recognized by the AKC and the UKC.
Group AKC Toy, UKC Companion Dog