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Pug

The Canine Chronicles Directory

Pug

The Pug is a miniature Mastiff, with a boxy head, large bones and typically thick, wrinkled skin. Breed standards call for a square, cobby body, a compact form, deep chest and well developed muscle. They have a short black muzzle. The rose-shaped ears are velvety and hang forward around the head. If they have moles on their cheeks, they are considered beauty marks. The large, expressive, bulging eyes are lustrous and dark. Their teeth should meet in a slightly undershot bite. The topline is level and the back is short. Their legs are straight and they have a distinctive, rolling and jaunty gait. Their tightly curled tail hangs over the back; however, a double curled tail shows very well. Their coat colors include silver-fawn, apricot, fawn and black.

Temperament The Pug's motto is "multum in parvo" or a lot in a small package. These perky, loyal, and affectionate dogs have a happy disposition. Though playful and charming, they can be clever and a bit mischievous. They bore easily with repetitive training practices. This breed is very sensitive to your voice tone. These great watchdogs are not yappers. They get along well with children and other dogs and have impeccable manners with visitors. They require lots of attention.
Height, Weight Male Height: 12-14" ; Weight: 13-20 lbs.
Female Height: 10-12" ; Weight: 13-18 lbs.
Health Problems As with some flat-nose breeds, they can catch colds easily and can have breathing difficulties. They may also require a cesarean to give birth. They are also heat and cold sensitive. They are prone to allergies, keratites, and ulcers on the cornea. Check eyes often as they are prone to tear. Do not overfeed this breed as they love to eat.
Living Conditions Pugs will do fine living in an apartment if they are sufficiently exercised. They do best with an average-sized yard. They cannot be comfortable in very hot or cold conditions.
Exercise This breed loves to exercise and is very energetic but be careful if they start to wheeze.
Life Expectancy 12 or more years
Grooming The smooth, short coat of this breed is easy to care for. Brush or comb weekly to remove dead hair and only bathe when necessary. After a shampoo, make sure he is kept warm. Clean the wrinkles on his face often. This breed is a seasonal heavy shedder.
Origin The Dutch East India Company traded around the world, including the Far East, where they found the Pug in China and brought it home to Holland, probably before the 16th century. When Protestant William III took over England after Catholic James II was ousted, the Pug accompanied the Dutchman to the islands and to British favor. Thus, the pug is a symbol of both politics and religion. Years later, a famous couple, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor enjoyed the company of this miniature mastiff. Classified by the AKC as a toy, it was recognized in 1885 and the breed has become a very popular companion dog. They are also recognized by the UKC.
Group AKC Toy, UKC Companion Dog