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Samoyed

The Canine Chronicles Directory

Samoyed

The Samoyed's outer coat is harsh and straight, never wispy, silky or wavy and is longer than other Arctic breeds. This hair texture provides the maximum protection from the elements, while demanding minimum care. The silver-tipped coat comes in white, biscuit, yellow and cream, but pure white is the preferred color. The coat forms a face ruff and thick trousers on the thighs. It has a wedge-shaped head with strong jaws. The nose is either brown or black. The eyes are dark and deep. The ears are rounded at the point and are carried erect. The legs are solid and very muscular. The tail is full and is rolled on the back. The feet are flat and covered with hair, which provides traction in the snow as well as on the ice.

Temperament Samoyeds are peaceable, gentle and dignified. They are easy-going and can be quite playful. They adapt well to family life and get along great with children. They are too friendly to be a watchdog, but they will bark to let you know that a stranger is present. Though highly intelligent, they may resist formal training. They need a patient and firm owner who will begin training at an early age. This is a chewing breed and may become destructive if left alone for too many hours. They should not be in the house with other non-canine pets but they can be trained to get along with cats. This breed is very vocal.
Height, Weight Male Height: 21-24" ; Weight: 45-65 lbs.
Female Height: 19-21" ; Weight: 35-50 lbs.
Health Problems Concerns with this breed include hip dysplasia, diabetes, skin allergies and PRA in the males.
Living Conditions The Samoyed will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. They do best with a small yard. This breed prefers cold climates and is unsuited for very hot climates.
Exercise This breed needs regular exercise but not in warmer weather.
Life Expectancy About 12-15 years
Grooming This breed needs to be extensively groomed. The fluffy double coat needs frequent brushing, but will stay white without bathing. They are seasonal heavy shedders.
Origin The Samoyedes and Nentsy, ancient nomadic tribes of north central Siberia, have always relied on their dogs. Many of the inland northern nomadic peoples used their dogs for herding reindeer, and the dog of the Samoyedes started out in that role. Never a hunter, he was later adapted for pulling as a guard and companion. His close association with people, even sharing the choom, or portable tent, made him the friendly dog he remains today. The black colors were eliminated and the pure, sparkling white is nearly universal today. They are recognized by the AKC and the UKC.
Group AKC Working, UKC Northern Breed