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Caucasian Ovcharka

The Canine Chronicles Directory

Caucasian Ovcharka

The Caucasian Ovcharka (Caucasian Mountain Dog, Caucasian Sheepdog) is a powerful and strongly muscled dog. The head is large, wedge-shaped, and tapers slightly to a blunt muzzle with high-set hanging ears, which may be cropped, and deep-set, oval shaped eyes. The thick tail hangs down to the hock but may be carried above the back as a sickle-shaped hook or ring when the dog is excited or moving. Three coat lengths are accepted: the long coat, intermediate coat and the short coat. All are double-coated and thick. Coat colors include shades of agouti gray, fawn, and reddish, with white markings and often a dark facial mask. Solid white dogs with dark pigmentation occur occasionally in the breed. Males are more massive and more powerful; females are smaller and lighter in build. Honorable scars resulting from field work are not penalized.

Temperament The Caucasian Sheepdog is a spirited, intelligent and strong-willed guardian dog. Their active defense reaction and strong territorial instincts make this breed very suspicious of strange people and dogs. Unless properly socialized, the Sheepdogs may become ferocious and show unmanageable tendencies. They are brave, alert, strong and powerful. They have a strong urge to protect ?whether real or perceived - and will do so with lightning-quick speed. Everything and everyone who belongs to the family ? humans, dogs or pets ? is regarded by this dog as part of its family and will be respected and fiercely protected. Do not leave this dog alone with children because if play becomes too rough, the Caucasian Sheepdog will protect and do so extensively. This breed requires an owner who can display strong leadership and will provide socialization and training.
Height, Weight Height: 25-28" ; Weight: 99-154 lbs.
Health Problems There are no reported health issues or concerns for this breed.
Living Conditions The Caucasian Ovcharka should not live in an apartment. They need plenty of space around them where they can run. They adapt well to living outdoors because of their thick coats. They need proper shelter.
Exercise The Caucasian Sheepdog needs lots of exercise and the ability to run free in a secure area.
Life Expectancy About 10-11 years
Grooming The coat of the long-haired variety requires frequent brushing to prevent tangles and matting. The short- to medium-length varieties need less grooming, but should be brushed and combed regularly.
Origin The Caucasian Ovcharka is a popular breed in Russia. The word "Ovchark" means "sheepdog" in Russian. The Caucasian Sheepdog is a flock guardian which was developed in Caucasus by local herders. Dogs similar to this breed have been protecting flocks in the mountainous land mass between the Black and Caspian seas and neighboring Turkey and Iran for over 600 years. Careful breeding in Germany safeguards the future of this cautious and independent dog. Breeders are sure that they will be able to selectively breed out some of the most fierce and protective personalities. They are recognized by the UKC, FCI, CKC, NKC, APRI, ACR and have been accepted for recording in the AKC Foundation Stock Service®.
Group AKC/FSS Working, UKC Guardian Dog