The Canine Chronicles Directory
The largest of the Japanese Spitz-type breeds, the Akita, pronounced a-KEE-ta, is
a powerful, solid, well-proportioned and distinctive looking dog. They have a flat,
heavy, blunt-triangle head and a strong, short muzzle. The ears are erect, slightly
forward and are in line with the neck. The nose is generally black (When showing
the dog: brown is permitted on white Akitas, but black is preferred). The teeth
should meet in a scissor-like, or level bite. The tail curls over the back and is
carried high. The Akita is known for their great swimming abilities due to their
webbed, cat-like feet. Their double coat is composed of a harsh, waterproof outer
coat and insulated with a thick, soft undercoat. Coat colors are pure white, red,
sesame and brindle. The colors should be without clear borders. A sickle or uncurled
tail is a disqualification when showing this breed.
The Akita is usually docile, but can sometimes become spontaneous. They are very
careful and affectionate with their owners. They are also faithful and thrive on
companionship. Akita's are very intelligent, courageous and fearless. If teased,
Akita's may bite, so be cautious around children and other pets. They also make
many interesting sounds when communicating, but is not an excessive barker.
Male Height: 26-28" ; Weight: 75-110 lbs.
Female Height: 24-26" ; Weight: 75-110 lbs.
Hip Dysplasia, nervousness, and auto-immune diseases are commonly known problem
with the Akita breed. Screening of the parents is a must to prevent these issues.
Dwarfism and entropion (turning inward of the border of the eyelid against the eyeball)
are also known to be potential ailments with this breed.
Akitas do fine in an apartment if exercised regularly but do better in a house with
The Akita needs moderate but regular exercise to stay in shape.
About 10-12 years
Akita's coarse, stiff, short-haired coat needs significant grooming. Brush with
a firm bristle brush, and only bathe when absolutely necessary as bathing removes
the natural waterproofing of the coat. This breed sheds heavily twice a year.
The Akita is the largest of all the Japanese breeds. They were originally bred in
the province of Akita in the 1600s. Akita's were used first as an Imperial guard
dog, then as a fighting dog. They have also been used for sledding and for police,
army and guard work. They have keen hunting abilities. Due to their ease of movement
in deep snow they have also been used to hunt deer and bear. Ownership was once
restricted to only the Imperial family and ruling aristocracy. In the late 19th
century other breeds, such as German Shepards and Pointers were imported, making
the Japanese breeds suffer in popularity. Due to this, the Society for Preservation
of Japanese Dogs was formed for the purpose of preserving the native breeds and
claimed these breeds as national monuments. After World War I, the Akita became
a nationally protected breed due to their scarcity. The Akita Inu Hozankai Society
of Japan was founded in 1927 to preserve the breed. Today, the Akita is considered
the national dog of Japan. Akitas are also viewed to have spiritual significance,
since they are regarded as loyal companions, protectors of the home and a symbol
of good health. When a child is born, the family will usually receive a small statue
of an Akita signifying health, happiness, and a long life. Statues are also given
to people who are ill from those wanting to express their wish of a speedy recovery.
The first Akita was brought to the United States by Helen Keller. American servicemen
also brought Akitas to the US after World War II. The Akita is recognized by the
AKC and the UKC.
AKC Working, UKC Northern Breed