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Collie

The Canine Chronicles Directory

Collie

Collies have a double coat with long, abundant hair on the back, neck and chest areas while the head and legs have short, smooth hair. The Collie comes in two variety of coats. The Rough variety has an abundant double coat that forms a mane around the chest and neck. The Smooth variety has a one-inch coat that needs very little grooming. Coat colors include sable and white, tri-colored, blue merle or white with sable, tri-colored or blue merle markings. The wedge-shaped head should be blunt with a chiseled face, a rounded muzzle and a slight stop. The medium-sized eyes should be almond-shaped and dark in color. However, the merle coated dogs may have blue or merle eyes. The ears are small with ¾ of the ear erect and the rest folding forward. The strong jaw has teeth that meet in a scissor-like bite. The well-arched neck should be muscular and merge into well-angulated shoulders. The topline should have a slight rise over the loins and the chest should be broad and well-developed. The legs should be straight and the hindlegs should have well-bent stifles. The oval feet are well-padded with tight set and arched toes. The tail is long and should reach to the hock joint. It should never be carried over the back.

Temperament Collies are alert, noble and highly intelligent dogs. They are easy to train and are very loyal to their owners. The collie is a superb children's loyal companion, always willing to give and accept love and adoration. Collie puppies house train easily. Care should be taken in the gentle training of this breed as they may become willful and refuse to cooperate. Though not aggressive dogs, they tend to be suspicious of strangers.
Height, Weight Male Height: 24-26" ; Weight: 60-75 lbs.
Female Height: 22-24" ; Weight: 50-65 lbs.
Health Problems This breed can be prone to hip problems, PRA and eye defects. Some have been known to become lame and suffer with arthritis. The tip of this breed's nose is sensitive to the sun. Because the Collie is a very popular breed, purchase only from a reputable breeder.
Living Conditions Collies will do okay living in an apartment as long as they get enough exercise. They are sensitive to heat and need plenty of shade and water.
Exercise Collies need lots of daily exercise. They should be able to run free off of their lead from time to time.
Life Expectancy About 14-16 years
Grooming The Rough coat needs regular weekly grooming to look its best. The impressive coat sheds dirt easily and will stay in good condition with regular brushing. The Smooth variety needs very little grooming. Bathe only when necessary. This breed sheds heavily twice a year.
Origin Rough Collies are thought to be descended from the breeding of native Scottish dogs and dogs that accompanied Roman invaders during 50 BC. Their name came from the black sheep bred in the lowlands of Scotland, the Colleys. During the 1860s, Queen Victoria became intrigued with this breed during her visit to Scotland. She arrived at Windsor Castle with several dogs and instantly increased the popularity of the breed throughout the nobility and upper class of Europe. During this time the rough collies were mixed with the Borzoi. Since then the breed must have Borzoi influence to win in the show ring. The first Rough Collie was shown at the Birmingham Dog Society Show in 1860. In 1878, the first imports arrived in the United States. The AKC and the UKC recognize the breed; however, the smooth and rough coated collies are not distinguished. The demand for this breed reached an all time high in the 1940s when a Rough Collie was chosen as the star for the TV show "Lassie".
Group AKC and UKC Herding Dog