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English Cocker Spaniel

The Canine Chronicles Directory

English Cocker Spaniel

English Cocker Spaniels have flat, silky coats. The legs and underside of their body is well-feathered and their hair is medium in length. The coat colors are generally black, liver, red, white/black, white/liver, white/red, or a solid color with tan or white markings. The well-developed head is modestly chiseled and has a distinct stop. The muzzle is almost the same length as the skull. They eyes should be dark brown or brown depending on the coat color. However, they can be dark hazel in the liver-colored varieties. The nose color also depends on the coat color. It can be either black or brown. The pendant ears are set low and should be level with the eyes. They should be well-covered with hair and should reach the nose if pulled forward. The strong jaw has teeth that meet in a scissor-like bite. The well-developed neck should be of average length integrating with the sloping shoulders. The strong, compact body should have a level topline and slight slope from the withers to the tail. The deep chest is well-developed and moderate in depth. The straight forelegs and muscular hindlegs should be well-boned. The hindlegs should also be well-rounded. The round, firm feet should have thick pads and arched toes. The tail is customarily docked and sits slightly lower than the topline.

Temperament English Cocker Spaniels are energetic, lovable, sweet, affectionate and friendly dogs. They thrive on human companionship, are great with kids and get along with other household pets. However, they do not tolerate teasing well. This breed is generally extroverted although some lines are more reserved. Males tend to be more cooperative than females. Females tend to be slightly more dominant.
Height, Weight Male Height: 15-17" ; Weight: 28-34 lbs.
Female Height: 14-16" ; Weight: 26-32 lbs.
Health Problems Major concerns with this breed include ear infections. The ears should be checked often especially during the summer. The low hanging ears are prone to ticks and burrs which can be a cause of deafness.
Living Conditions English Cocker Spaniels do fine in an apartment but do better with an average size yard.
Exercise Cockers have lots of energy and will enjoy any exercise that its owner gives.
Life Expectancy About 12-15 years
Grooming Prospective owners should be aware of the care necessary to keep the English Cocker Spaniel in top form. Regular combing and brushing is important with this breed. The ears should be checked often for grass seeds or an infection. Brush or comb regularly. Check often for matting. This breed is an average shedder.
Origin In 1300, the first known recording of the "Spaniel's" existence was described by Gaston Phebus and English Cocker Spaniels are one of the oldest types of land spaniels. They can be traced back to 14th century Spain. Before the 1600s, all spaniels were categorized together. The larger breeds were used to spring game and the smaller breeds to flush out woodcock game. The names Springer and Cocker were derived from these uses. The Kennel Club of Great Britain separated these breeds in 1892. By the 1930s, the Cocker Spaniel was the most popular breed in the British Isles and remained so for nearly 20 years. Breeders in the United States soon began their own breeding programs and then in 1940, the Kennel Club divided the groups into the American and English Cocker Spaniels. They are recognized by the AKC and the UKC.
Group AKC Sporting, UKC Gun Dog